It's a fishing port on a steep hillside with vineyards and pastel-colored houses that tumble down to a seaside port lined with more pastel-colored houses, shops and restaurants with 8,000 inhabitants. The port is filled with little fishing boats, yachts and charter boats that take tourists out to the calanques.
If you visit Sablet, we will take a day trip to Cassis. We like to go on Friday mornings since that is one of the days (Wednesday is the other) the Marché Provençal takes place. That is exactly what we did one Friday a few weeks ago, when our neighbors Bob and Darlene and Ed and Gwen were visiting Sablet for the first time.
|Port area where Quai des Baux and Quai Saint-Pierre meet|
Fishing was the main industry of Cassis for many years. Now there are only 8 fishing crews which operate out Cassis. The town holds a festival every year during June and July to celebrate the fishermen, the sea and their patron saint, St. Peter. Events include the procession of the "prud-hommes" (regulators of the local fishing industry), the blessing of the boats, water jousts, grilled sardines and anchovies and dancing.
|Fisherman tends to his boat|
There is a kiosk at the beginning of Quai Saint-Pierre that sells tickets for trips on one of the charter boats that line the Cassis port out to 3, 7 or 13 calangues. It takes about 45-minutes for a boat tour out and back to see 3 calanques.
|Boats to take tourists out to the Calanques line the Quai Saint-Pierre|
The area where Cassis now sits was first occupied between 500 and 600 BC by people from Liguria, a region of north-western Italy, who built a fortified habitation at the top of the Baou Redon. These people lived by fishing, hunting, and farming.
|Another view of the port area where Quai des Baux and Quai Saint-Pierre meet|
|Cafes and houses along Quai Jean Jacques Barthélémy|
The port is lined with tourist shops, terrace cafés and restaurants which offer a variety of food and prices. As you can imagine, it's great fun to watch people stroll down Quai (dock) des Baux while you soak up the sun in front of one of the cafes that line the port.
|Pastel colored houses and cafes line Quai des Baux|
Cassis became renowned as a holiday resort at the end of the 19th century drawing such notable visitors as Virginia Woolf. In the 1920s, Winston Churchill came to Cassis and took painting lessons during his stay in the town.
|Fisherman on his boat with Place du Grand Carnot in the rear|
Frédéric Mistral, the Nobel Prize-winning author and defender of the provençal language and traditions, also took a liking to Cassis. The writer famously declared, in the provençal language, "Qu'a vist Paris, se noun a vist Cassis, pou dire, ‘n'ai rèn vist'." "He who has seen Paris but not Cassis can say, ‘I haven't seen anything'."
|Another view of the cafes and houses that line Quai Jean Jacques Barthélémy|
|Pretty Cassis restaurant|
|Blue stripes are in style in Cassis|
|Merry-go-round/Carrousel in Cassis|
|Close up view of the Merry-go-round/Carrousel in Cassis|
Cassis is one of only a handful of Mediterranean ports where fishermen still use the small, double-ended boats known as pointus. The boats, with their extended – and, some suggest, phallic – bow posts, have remained much the same for about 2,000 years.
|Traditional fishing boats called "pointus" moored in Cassis harbor. Tourist center is in background|
If you happen to go to Cassis in summer there are six public beaches in Cassis. The Grand Mer beach is in the center of town just south of the harbor and consists of sand and pebbles.
|Houses and cafes on Quai des Baux|
Le Bonaparte Restaurant has been our favorite restaurant in Cassis. It's located on a side street several blocks off the port. There is a small dining room and seating on the street. The restaurant takes its name from the cross street where the restaurant is located and where 25 year old Napoléon Bonaparte spent the evening of February 10, 1794 while in Provence to inspect troops.
|View down Quai des Baux|
Last summer while I was doing research about how to prepare and serve authentic Bouillabaisse, a traditional Provençal fish stew originating from the port city of Marseille, I came across an organization called Charte de la Bouillabaisse. This group was formed in 1980 to fight restaurants who don't respect the traditional recipe and proper service for Bouillabaisse.
The Charte says Bouillabaisse must include at least 4 varieties of fish and the bouillon and cooked fish must be served separately along with rouille. One of the other rules is the cooked fish is supposed to be filleted in front of the diner. I discovered that there were 11 restaurants who signed the Charte and one, Chez Gilbert is located in Cassis.
|Chez Gilbert Restaurant|
Since we weren't planning to go to Marseille, I knew I wouldn't have a chance to eat Bouillabaisse at Chez Fonfon (which I told you about here), I made reservations for lunch at Chez Gilbert. It was sun shining and warm when we arrived at the restaurant, so we opted to sit at a table in the sunshine facing the port.
|Shirley Augsburger enjoying sun at Chez Gilbert|
The restaurant was opened in 1956. The restaurant has operated under 3 owners; the current owner has been in charge for 25 years.
As I planned, I ordered the Bouillabaisse and as per rules of the Charte, our pretty server presented a platter with 5 varieties of whole Mediterranean fish, scorpion fish, monkfish, red mullet, sea robin, John Dory and potatoes cooked in bouillon and then took the platter to a side table where they were filleted.
|Server presenting platter with the fixings for the bouillabaisse|
The chef was happy to oblige Shirley's request for a simple green salad.
When you eat Bouillabaisse, you eat nothing else, so my meal began with the fish bouillon, much like fish soup and the grilled bread and a garlicky rouille seen below. Rouille is a kind of aioli, or fresh garlic mayonnaise, flavored with saffron and a red pepper similar to cayenne called espelette.
|Grilled bread and rouille for bouillabaisse|
Main courses included Vol au Vents with mushrooms and veal seen below.
|Puff pastry with veal and mushrooms|
My dish of assorted fish fillets and boiled potatoes were served in accordance with Charte rules separately from the fish bouillon. You can add fish and potatoes to your bowl of bouillon. Our server came by several times with a bowl of bouillon and ladled more bouillon into my dish until I couldn't find any more room.
|Assorted fish fillets for bouillabaisse|
Another main course selected by our group was Papillote de bar au vin blanc seen below.
|Sea bass baked in parchment with white wine|
Our landlubber friend Ed chose a delicious Paleron de boeuf et jarret de veau essentially a Pot au feu seen below.
|Pot au feu with beef chuck and veal shank|
True to form, Shirley chose a whole grilled fish, in this case Bar, sea bream with wild fennel and vegetables seen below.
|Grilled Sea bream with wild fennel and vegetables|
Since they were out of our first choice, Clos Sainte Magdeleine Cassis which I told you about here, we opted for a 2016 Domaine du Bagnol Cassis Blanc that was recommended by our server. It is a blend of Marsanne, Clairette, and Ugni Blanc. It was an excellent choice.
|2016 Domaine de Bagnol Cassis Blanc|
While we waited for desserts to be delivered to the table, we nibbled on Babba au Rum that were dropped on our table a gift from the restaurant.
|Babba au Rum|
Desserts included the apple tart seen below;
|Apple tart with vanilla ice cream|
and as expected for a chocoholic like me, the plate of different preparations of dark chocolate.
This was an excellent meal attentively served by a restaurant located on the port with a beautiful view. Up to now, we have not found the food to be very good that is served by the restaurants that line the port. We will return to Le Bonaparte Restaurant again but Chez Gilbert will be a regular destination.
|A variety of preparations of dark chocolate|
The Castle seen below was built in 1381 by the counts of Les Baux and refurbished last century by Mr. Michelin, the boss of the company that makes tires and publishes the famous Green Guides. Today it is privately owned and partially converted to a luxury B and B.
|Maison des Baux Castle|
When you exit off the A50 auto route, the road down to Cassis is a winding road that goes past vineyards planted on steep hills between olive groves and country houses above Cassis. The wineries of Cassis produce red, white and rosé wines but it's the white wines for which the appellation is best known. We like Cassis white and rosé wines a lot.
By the way, don't confuse the wines of Cassis with crème de cassis, a sweet black currant liqueur, a specialty of Burgundy which takes its name from black currants (cassis), not this town.
We liked the wine we drank so much at lunch that we decided to go find Domaine du Bagnol and taste the wines where they are made.
|Domaine du Bagnol|
Domaine du Bagnol is a small 15 acre estate created in 1867 by the Marquis de Fesque. The modern history of the domaine began in 1997 when Jean-louis Genovesi bought the domaine. In 2003 after finishing his viticulture studies, son Sebastien took the helm.
|Domaine du Bagnol with Cap Canaille in the distance|
The Cassis Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée wine region is unique in Provence because 75% of its production is white wine. The soil is primarily limestone which is particularly suited to the cultivation of Clairette, Marsanne, Ugni Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc grapes which are the major varietals of the AOC. Grapes are harvested by hand.
|View to the Domaine du Bagnol vineyards|
In addition to retasting the white wine, we tasted the rosé wine. The rosé comes from a handful of parcels planted in clay and limestone soils, on a gentle north-northwest-facing slope. Grenache-dominated, with smaller percentages of Mourvedre and Cinsault.
|Me with friends Bob and Ed and tasting room hostess Lola|
|Model "pointus" fishing boat in tasting room|
|View of Domaine du Bagnol vineyards with Cap Canaille in distance|
The wines of Domaine du Bagnol are excellent. I recommend you seek them out. If you are in Cassis, look for the domaine on the road from the auto route to Cassis. To take a phrase from Michelin, it's worth the detour.
|Domaine du Bagnol|
Cap Canaille which rises up between Cassis and La Ciotat, is one of the highest cliffs of Europe at 399 meters (1,309 feet) and the highest cliff in France while the route des Crêtes between Cassis and La Ciotat counts among the most scenic drives in Southern Provence.
It was a wonderful day in Cassis.
Chez Gilbert Restaurant
19 Quai des Baux
Tel: 04 42 01 71 36